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Small Deciduous Trees

Information

Replacing Trees Removed on Private Property

While street trees must be chosen from the appropriate Approved Street Tree Planting List for planting, there are no specific species that must be selected for planting trees on private property. This list presents options to help guide you in selecting a species to plant on your property. 

Small Deciduous Trees (mature size is 15’ to 30’ tall)

SP = Spring      LSP = Late spring         SU = Summer           PDX = Portland or Willamette Valley native

Common nameBotanical nameNativeWildlife valueShowy flowersShowy fall colorBark interestDrought tolerance

Amur maackia

Maackia amurensis (inc. ‘Maacnificent’)

-

Flowers

SU

-

-

-

Beech – Tricolor European

Fagus sylvatica  ‘Roseomarginata’ or ‘Tricolor’

-

Seeds

-

-

-

Low

Birch – Shiloh Splash river

Betula nigra ‘Shiloh Splash’

-

-

-

-

Yes

Low

Buckeye – California

Aesculus californica

-

-

SU

-

-

High

Buckeye – Red

Aesculus pavia

-

Flowers

SP

-

-

-

Cascara buckthorn

Rhamnus purshiana

PDX

Fruit

-

-

-

Med

Catalpa – Chinese

Catalpa ovata

-

Flowers

SU

-

-

-

Cherry – Paperbark or Tibetan

Prunus serrula

-

-

-

-

Yes

-

Cherry – Chokecherry

Prunus virginiana

PDX

Fruit

SP

-

-

-

Cherry – Japanese flowering

Prunus serrulata

-

-

  SP

 Yes

-

-

Cherry – Manchurian cherry

Prunus maackia

-

-

SP

Yes

Yes

-

Crabapple – Golden Raindrops

Malus transitoria ‘Schmditcutleaf’

-

Fruit

SP

-

-

-

Crabapple – Cultivars

Malus x ‘Adirondack’,Prairiefire’,’Professor Sprenger’, ‘Purple Prince’, ‘Royal Raindrops’

-

Fruit

SP

-

-

-

Crabapple – Tea

Malus hupehensis

-

Fruit

SP

-

-

-

Crabapple – Western

Malus fusca

PDX

Fruit

SP

-

-

Med

Crape myrtle – Hybrid

Lagerstroemia x fauriei ‘’Apalachee’, ‘Arapaho’, ’Biloxi’, ‘Choctaw’, ‘Centennial Spirit’, ‘Dynamite’, ‘Fantasy’, ‘Lipan’, ‘Muskogee’, ‘Natchez’, ‘Osage’, ‘Tuscarora’, ‘Sioux’, and ‘Wichita’

-

Flowers

SU

Yes

Yes

-

Dogwood – Rutger hybrid

Cornus x Rutban’, ‘Rutdan’, ‘Rutgan’  e.g. ‘Aurora’, ‘Celestial’, ‘Constellation’, ‘Hyperion’, ‘Stellar Pink’, ‘Venus’

-

Fruit

SP

Yes

-

-

Dogwood – kousa

Cornus kousa  (inc. ‘Blue Shadow’,China Girl’, ‘Heart Throb’, ‘Milky Way Select’, Radiant Rose’, ‘Samaritan’, ‘Summer Majesty’)

-

Fruit

SP

Yes

Yes

-

Dogwood – Cornelian cherry

Cornus mas (inc. ‘Golden Glory’)

-

Fruit

ESP

-

-

-

Dogwood – Eddie’s White Wonder

Cornus x Eddie’s White Wonder’

-

Fruit

SP

Yes

-

-

Dogwood – Starlight or Venus

Cornus x ‘KN4-43’ or ‘KN30-8’

 -

 -

SP

Yes

 -

 -

Elm – Emerald Sunshine hybrid

Ulmus propinqua 'JFS‐Bieberich'

-

-

-

Yes

-

-

Epaulette tree

Pterostyrax hispidus

-

Flowers

SP

-

-

-

Epaulette tree – Fragrant

Pterosytrax corymbosa

-

Flowers

SP

-

-

-

Fringetree – Chinese

Chionanthus retusus (inc.‘Arnold’s Pride’, ‘Tokyo Tower’)

-

Flowers/Fruits

SP

-

Yes

-

Goldenrain tree

Koelreuteria paniculata (inc. Coral Sun’, ‘September’ and ‘Summerburst’)

-

Flowers

SU

Yes

-

Med

Hawthorn – Black

Crataegus douglasii

PDX

Fruits

SP

-

-

High

Hawthorn – Thornless cockspur

Crataegus crus-galli var. inermis

-

Fruits

SP

Yes

-

Med

Hawthorn – Lavelle

Crataegus x lavallei

-

Fruits

SP

Yes

-

Med

Hawthorn – Washington

Crataegus phaenopyrum

-

Fruits

SP

Yes

-

Med

Hornbeam – Frans Fontaine

Carpinus betulus ‘Frans Fontaine’

-

-

-

-

-

-

Common name

Botanical name

Native

Wildlife value

Showy flowers

Showy fall color

Bark interest

Drought tolerance

Hornbeam – Japanese

Carpinus japonica

-

-

-

-

-

-

Hornbeam – Looseflower

Carpinus laxiflora Syn. C. fargesii

-

-

-

-

-

-

Jujube or Chinese date

Ziziphus jujuba

-

Fruits

-

-

-

Med

Maackia – Amur

Maackia amurensis

-

Flowers

SU

-

-

-

Maackia – Chinese

Maackia chinensis

-

Flowers

SU

-

-

-

Magnolia – Cultivars

Magnolia x ‘Athene’, ‘Atlas’, ‘Blushing Belle’, ‘Butterflies’, ‘Daybreak’, ‘Elizabeth’, ‘Emma Cook’, ‘Galaxy’, ‘Goldfinch’, ‘Iolanthe’, ‘Jon Jon’, ‘Judy Zuk’, ‘Legacy’, ‘Marjory Gossler’, ‘Milky Way’, ‘Porcelain Dove’, ‘Royal Crown’, ‘Sayonara’, ‘Serene’, ‘Solar Flare’, ‘Star Acclaim’, ‘Sunburst’, ‘Tranquility’, ‘Vulcan’, ‘Wada’s Memory’, ‘Yellow Fever’, and ‘Yellow Lantern’

-

Seeds

SP

-

-

-

Magnolia – Iufer willowleaf

Magnolia salicifolia ‘Iufer’

-

Seeds

SP

-

-

-

Magnolia – Loebner hybrid

Magnolia x loebneri ‘Ballerina’,‘Leonard Messel’, ‘Merrill’, ‘Spring Joy’

-

Seeds

SP

-

-

-

Magnolia – Saucer

Magnolia x soulangiana and cultivars

-

Seeds

SP

-

-

-

Magnolia – Yulan

Magnolia denudata

-

Seeds

SP

-

-

-

Magnolia – Zen

Magnolia zenii

-

Seeds

SP

-

-

-

Maple – Korean

Acer pseudosieboldianum

-

-

-

Yes

-

-

Maple – Paperbark

Acer griseum

-

-

-

Yes

Yes

-

Maple – Shantung

Acer truncatum

-

-

-

-

-

-

Maple – Three-flower maple

Acer triflorum

-

-

-

Yes

Yes

-

Oak – Gambel

Quercus gambelii

-

Acorns

-

Yes

-

High

Persian ironwood – smaller cultivars

Parrotia persica ‘Lamplighter’, ‘Persian Lace’, ‘Persian Spire’, ‘Ruby Lace’, and ‘Vanessa’

-

-

-

Yes

Yes

Med

Persimmon – Cultivars of American

Diospyros virginiana ‘Early Golden’ or ‘Meader’

-

Fruits

-

Yes

-

-

Persimmon – Asian (all cultivars)

Diospyros kaki

-

Fruits

-

-

-

-

Raisintree – Japanese

Hovenia dulcis

-

Fruits

-

-

-

-

Redbud – Oklahoma Texas

Cercis canadensis var. texensis ‘Oklahoma’

-

Flowers

SP

-

-

Med

Smoketree – American

Cotinus obovatus

-

-

-

Yes

-

Med

Snowbell – Fragrant

Styrax obassia

-

Flowers

LSP

-

-

-

Stewartia – Beaked

Stewartia rostrata

-

Flowers

SP

Yes

-

Low

Stewartia - Japanese

Stewartia pseudocamellia

-

Flowers

SU

Yes

Yes

Low

Stewartia – Orangebark or tall

Stewartia monadelpha

-

Flowers

SU

Yes

Yes

-

Stewartia – Toothed

Stewartia serrata

-

Flowers

SU

Yes

-

Low

Tree lilac – Japanese

Syringa reticula  ‘China Gold’, ‘Ivory Silk’ and ‘Summer Snow’

-

Flowers

LSP

-

-

-

Tree lilac – Peking

Syringa reticulata ssp. pekinensis ‘Beijing Gold’, ‘China Snow’, and  ‘Summer Charm’

-

Flowers

LSP

-

Yes

-

Tupelo – Gum Drop

Nyssa sylvatica ‘JFS-PN Legacy 1’

-

-

-

-

-

Low

Willow – Scouler’s

Salix scouleriana

PDX

-

-

-

-

-

Winged hackberry

Pteroceltis tatarinowii

-

-

-

-

Yes

Med

Zelkova – City Sprite Japanese

Zelkova serrata ‘JFS-KW1’

-

-

-

-

Yes

-

Zelkova – Wireless

Zelkova serrata ‘Schmidtlow’

-

-

-

-

Yes

-