Assaults / Bias Crimes
If you have been the victim of a bias crime assault or person crime, call 9-1-1. If you have been the victim of a property bias crime, such as vandalism or graffiti, call the non-emergency line at (503) 823-3333.
Why do we have hate crimes legislation?
The damage done by hate crimes cannot be measured solely in terms of physical injury or dollars and cents. Hate crimes may effectively intimidate other members of the victim’s community, leaving them feeling isolated, vulnerable, and unprotected by the law. By making members of minority communities fearful, angry, and suspicious of other groups – and the power structure that is supposed to protect them – these incidents can damage the fabric of our society and fragment communities.
Hate crimes legislation recognizes that some crimes should be enhanced based on the motivation of the perpetrator. This is already seen in domestic violence and child abuse laws. There is a difference between a criminal who assaults an unsuspecting victim to steal their wallet and one that targets a victim based on the suspect’s perception of the victim’s race, color, religion, national origin or sexual orientation. When a person targets someone based on one of the above categories, they place everyone in that population in fear. Oregon’s law of Intimidation is a separate charge that is applied when a criminal offense has already taken place.
What is/is not a bias crime?
The mere mention of a biased remark does not necessarily make an incident bias-motivated, any more than the absence of such a remark makes the incident a non-biased one. Using derogatory or defaming language, although often inappropriate, is probably not unlawful. If a person is a member of a protected class, and feels they have been a victim of Intimidation, it is important to understand that law enforcement officers must use probable cause standards to determine if the perpetrator’s actions were motivated by bias.
The perception of the victim is not sufficient to meet the burden of proof as required by law. In many cases, non-criminal bias incidents are best resolved in a civil court environment.
ORS 166.165 Intimidation – Oregon’s hate crimes law
166.155 Intimidation in the second degree. (1) A person commits the crime of intimidation in the second degree if the person:
(a) Tampers or interferes with property, having no right to do so nor reasonable ground to believe that the person has such right, with the intent to cause substantial inconvenience to another because of the person's perception of the other's race, color, religion, national origin or sexual orientation;
(b) Intentionally subjects another to offensive physical contact because of the person's perception of the other's race, color, religion, national origin or sexual orientation; or
(c) Intentionally, because of the person's perception of race, color, religion, national origin or sexual orientation of another or of a member of the other's family, subjects such other person to alarm by threatening:
(A) To inflict serious physical injury upon or to commit a felony affecting such other person, or a member of the person's family; or
(B) To cause substantial damage to the property of the other person or of a member of the other person's family.
(2) Intimidation in the second degree is a Class A misdemeanor.
(3) For purposes of this section:
(a) “Property” means any tangible personal property or real property.
(b) “Sexual orientation” means heterosexuality, homosexuality or bisexuality. [1981 c.785 s.1; 1983 c.521 s.1; 1989 c.1029 s.1]
166.160 [Repealed by 1971 c.743 s.432]
166.165 Intimidation in the first degree. (1) Two or more persons acting together commit the crime of intimidation in the first degree, if the persons:
(a)(A) Intentionally, knowingly or recklessly cause physical injury to another person because of the actors' perception of that person's race, color, religion, national origin or sexual orientation; or
(B) With criminal negligence cause physical injury to another person by means of a deadly weapon because of the actors' perception of that person's race, color, religion, national origin or sexual orientation;
(b) Intentionally, because of the actors' perception of another person's race, color, religion, national origin or sexual orientation, place another person in fear of imminent serious physical injury; or
(c) Commit such acts as would constitute the crime of intimidation in the second degree, if undertaken by one person acting alone.
(2) Intimidation in the first degree is a Class C felony.
(3) “Sexual orientation” has the meaning given that term in ORS 166.155. [1981 c.785 s.2; 1983 c.521 s.2; 1989 c.1029 s.2; 1993 c.332 s.1; 1995 c.79 s.53; 1997 c.249 s.50]
Bias crimes resources
Portland Police Bias Crimes Investigations: 823-0400
City of Portland, Office of Equity and Human Rights: 503-823-4433
In addition to investigating homicides, the Homicide Detail investigates Officer Involved shootings/use of deadly force, felony assaults, kidnapping, custodial interference and missing persons. There is a team of Detectives to respond to homicide investigations on call 24 hours a day, 365 days a year.
If you have information regarding a homicide, contact Homicide Unit investigators directly at (503) 823-0400. To remain anonymous, witnesses may provide information through Crime Stoppers of Oregon.
Crime Stoppers of Oregon offers cash rewards of up to $2,500 cash for information, reported to Crime Stoppers, that leads to an arrest in any unsolved felony crime and tipsters can remain anonymous.
Submit anonymous tips online at http://www.crimestoppersoforegon.com or call 503-823-HELP (4357).
Visit the App Store and download P3 Tips to submit secure and anonymous tips.
There is no 24-hour waiting period to report someone missing!
Reports of Missing Persons:
A person, of any age, who is missing with a proven physical or mental
disability, and thereby subjecting themselves or others to personal and immediate
danger, should be reported to 911.
A person, of any age, who is missing under circumstances indicating that the disappearance
may not have been voluntary (i.e. abduction or kidnapping) should be reported
A person of any age, who is missing under circumstances indicating that his or
her physical safety may be in immediate danger, should be reported to 911.
A missing child should be reported to 911.
All other reports of missing persons, of any age, should be reported to the
non-emergency police number at 503-823-3333
Missing Person Detectives can be contacted at firstname.lastname@example.org with
questions related to missing person investigations.
The Robbery Detail may be reached at 503-823-0412.
The robbery detail is charged with the investigation of robberies reported to the Portland Police Bureau. The primary focus of the Robbery Detail is on First and Second Degree Robbery. These are the most serious forms of robbery in Oregon and carry mandatory minimum sentences. The detail is also charged with investigating felony weapons offenses and reported cases of extortion.
The following priorities are used in selecting robbery cases for follow up investigation:
- Threat to Public Safety