This process can take up to 140 days
Check whether the City elected official is eligible for recall
Article II, Section 18 of the Oregon Constitution provides that “every public officer in Oregon is subject, as herein provided, to recall by the electors of the state or of the electoral district from which the public officer is elected.” However, prospective petitioners should keep the following information in mind:
- City elected officials must serve for at least six months in a single term before being subject to a recall.
- Being recalled would not prevent the elected official from running for the same office in the future.
- If a public official is recalled in the middle of a re-election, that official could still appear as a candidate on the ballot.
File a prospective petition for a recall
Please review the Secretary of State's Recall Manual before proceeding with filing a recall petition. After reviewing the manual, please submit the following forms to the respective offices:
Submit to City Elections Office:
After a City elected official has served for at least six months, prospective petitioners may begin the recall process by submitting the following forms to the City Elections Officer:
- Prospective Petition Sheet (SEL 350)
- Signature Sheet (SEL 351) with the Cover Sheet for Local Recall Petition (SEL 353)
- Electronic Signature Sheet (SEL 349 ), which may be submitted in lieu of or in addition to the SEL 351 and SEL 353.
- If petitioners do not expect to spend or receive more than $3,500 in a calendar year, they may also file a certification of limited contributions and expenditures with the Secretary of State.
After submitting the SEL 350 to the City Elections Officer, the Elections Office will process the paperwork within three business days.
Submit to the Secretary of State's Elections Division:
- Statement of Organization for Petition Committee (SEL 222) Prospective petitioners must establish petition committees with the Secretary of State's Elections Division by completing the SEL 222 form.
- If petitioners do not expect to spend or receive more than $3,500 in a calendar year, they may also file a Certification of Limited Contributions and Expenditures with the Secretary of State.
Circulate Signature Sheet
Once the City Elections Officer approves the Signature Sheet (SEL 351) or Electronic Signature Sheet (SEL 349 ) for circulation, petitioners may gather signatures for the recall petition. Petitioners have 90 calendar days from the filing date of the Prospective Petition (SEL 350) to collect the required number of signatures to hold a recall election.
Required Number of Signatures: 47,788
Per ORS 249.870, the number of Portland registered voters' signatures required to place a recall on the ballot is 15 percent of the total number of votes cast in the City for all candidates for Governor at the last gubernatorial general election. This number is currently 47,788 based on registered Portland voters who cast a ballot for Governor in the November 6, 2018 General Election.
For City Elections Office: Verify Signatures
Once the petitioners submit the signatures, the City Elections Office coordinates with the County to verify the petitioners have the sufficient number of signatures needed to hold a recall election. The Elections Office verifies the signature within 10 days after the petitioners submit the signature sheets or 100 days after the prospective petition was filed, whichever occurs first.
Once the City Elections Office verifies the submitted signatures, the Elections Officer will notify the petitioners.
For petitions with enough valid signatures submitted: The City Elections Officer immediately notifies the elected official and the process moves to Step 5.
For petitions without enough valid signatures submitted: If the deadline to submit signatures has not passed, chief petitioners will have the opportunity to submit additional signatures before the deadline.
If the deadline to submit signatures has passed, the petition is void.
For Elected Official: Resignation Period
If the petitioners submit a sufficient number of signatures, the City Elections Officer notifies the elected official of the potential recall election. The elected official then has five days after being notified to either submit their resignation or submit a Statement of Justification (SEL 352). If the elected official resigns, no recall election will be held.
If the elected official submits a Statement of Justification (SEL 352), the City will hold a recall election no later than 35 days after the end of the five-day resignation period. The recall ballot will contain the following information:
- The "Statement of Reasons for Demanding Recall" as submitted by the petitioner in the prospective petition.
- The "Statement of Justification" as submitted by the elected official.
- A Question: “Do you vote to recall _______ from the office of _______?,” with the name of the person against whom a recall petition has been filed printed in the first blank space and the public office held by the person printed in the second blank space.
Recall Election Results
The County will deliver the abstract to the City Elections Officer within 20 days. If the recall election is successful, a vacancy in office occurs immediately after the City Elections Officer receives the official abstract of votes from Multnomah County Elections.