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About the ADAP project

Purpose, background, timeline, and contact information for the Anti-Displacement Action Plan.

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Project Purpose

Portland is renowned for its neighborhoods, business districts, natural resources and more. But the character of our communities is defined by its people. Displacement occurs when people and businesses are priced out of homes and shops, and when residents’ choices for where to live and congregate are limited by what they can afford.

The challenge of displacement is not unique to Portland or our region, but our response to it can be. We need to do better so that more community members are not priced out of their homes or businesses. By partnering in new and innovative ways with the communities most impacted by the challenge, we can.

The Anti-Displacement Action Plan will develop and coordinate strategies for the City to minimize and mitigate the harm faced by vulnerable communities as a result of Portland’s growth, development, and public investments. Staff will research and evaluate the existing programs and tools that directly or indirectly address involuntary displacement of residents, businesses, and other community cultural assets, as well as look at best and promising practices and programs found in other cities. The team will then develop a framework for structural change for City decision-making and investing to produce more equitable outcomes.

During the second phase of the project, a community/City co-created task force comprised of community members, cross-bureau City leadership and others, will use the framework to recommend programmatic and policy improvements to City Council. They will help hold the City accountable for existing equitable development, anti-displacement efforts and establish a framework to prioritize COVID-19 related infrastructure spending to improve outcomes for our most vulnerable residents.

Project Background

As the City of Portland continues to understand and acknowledge the impacts of racially exclusionary zoning and land use practices, inequitable investments in infrastructure, and policy decisions that have had unintended but negative outcomes for many in our community, we must not repeat past mistakes. We need to take strong steps to redress past harmful actions.

The health and economic impacts of COVID-19 and shutdown have served to highlight how existing disparities can be a matter of life and death. The benefits of the City’s growth and change are not equitably shared across communities – perpetuating and exacerbating past harms. Rising housing costs and rents have resulted in significant displacement for low-income households, renters, small businesses and communities of color. In particular, Portland’s African American community has experienced, and continues to experience, severe displacement.

With the 2035 Comprehensive Plan, the City established equity as a guiding principle for land use decisions. The Comp Plan also features numerous policies to help combat the displacement of low-income residents and communities of color, which were developed with guidance from a coalition of community-based organizations called Anti-Displacement PDX (ADPDX).  

Project Steps and Timeline

Phase 1: Analysis and Task Force Framework
Complete by July 1, 2020

  • Update the Housing Opportunity and Displacement Risk (O&R) analyses.
  • Develop the Anti-Displacement Toolkit 1.0.
  • Prepare research and current policy evaluation to bridge the O&R analyses with the toolkit, to inform strategy selection and action plan development.
  • Create a framework to co-design and convene the task force in partnership with the community coalition.

Phase 2: Task Force Work and Action Plan Development
Begin Summer 2020, complete Winter 2021

  • Charter, recruit and convene ADAP Taskforce.
  • Produce the Anti-Displacement Action Plan 1.0.

View more detail on components of each phase of the ADAP project — products, rationale for work and timelines: