The City of Portland welcomes the opportunity to work with you on your residential building permit project. Get information about the types of home repair, remodeling and new building projects that require a permit. You can also schedule an appointment to discuss your project.
This home repair and remodeling permit information is for one-family and two-family homes. Apartments and buildings with more than two units (called "commercial buildings") have different requirements.
This webpage can help you decide if you need a permit for your project. If you need a permit, the next step will be to read about requirements for residential building permits.
Apply online or in person for a permit
You can apply online for many permits or drop plans off in person with an appointment. Learn more about the permit review process (the steps to getting a permit). Read more about permit requirements in the linked webpages below or search Portland.gov for a project type to find out what you need for a complete application. For example, search for "sign permit" or "deck permit." You might also want to read What You Need to Apply for a Permit- Minimum Submittal Requirements.
Who can do the work
Contractors must have a license to work in Oregon. The Oregon Construction Contractors Board (CCB) issues licenses to contractors. The permit application and their company materials must list the license number. Need help finding a contractor? The CCB website has good tips on how to search for one. Plumbing and Electrical contractors have additional license requirements.
If you are a homeowner doing the work yourself, then you can sign the trade permit applications. You cannot do electrical work yourself. You must hire a licensed electrical contractor to do any electrical work.
What you need for a complete permit application
Search Portland.gov for a project type to find out what you need for a complete application. For example, search for "Commercial Alteration" or "Residential Decks."
One- and two-family homes
Permits are required for many types of work that you may need or want to have done on your property. This information doesn't cover everything. If you have permitting questions, please contact the Permitting General Information phone number.
Work that requires a residential building permit*
- Build a one- or two-family home
- Build, demolish or add a room, garage, shed or other enclosed structure attached to a house
- Build, demolish or move any structure that is more than 200 square feet in area or has a height of more than 15 feet measured from the grade plane to the average height of the highest roof surface. Note, if the parcel of land is over 2 acres and the structure is at least 20 feet from property lines and other structures, then a permit is required when the building area is over 400 square feet.
- Add or enlarge a porch cover, patio cover, carport or other open-sided roofed structure with an area greater than 200 square feet that is attached to a house
- Enclose a patio cover, porch or carport
- Finish an attic, garage or basement to create habitable space
- Add a bathroom in new or existing space
- Cut new window or door opening, widen or reduce the size of existing openings
- Move, remove or add walls
- Build or replace an exterior stairway more than 30 inches above adjacent grade or over any story or basement
- Build a retaining wall that exceeds four feet high measured from the bottom of the footing to the top of the wall or any retaining wall affected by the weight of an adjacent slope, or nearby driveway or structure
- Build a deck more than 30 inches high
- Put up a fence more than seven feet high
- Move more than 10 cubic yards of earth
- Pour concrete sidewalks, slabs and driveways more than 30 inches above adjacent grade or over any story or basement
- Install a barrier around any swimming pool, or construct an in-ground swimming pool.
- Replace roofing in a wildfire hazard zone or on a Townhouse
- Reroof a house or duplex when more than 15% of the existing roof sheathing is being removed and replaced
- Installation of photovoltaic roof panels or photovoltaic roof coverings.
- Tree planting, preservation, or related requirements may apply to your project under Title 11, Trees (the Tree Code). To find out more about these regulations and how they affect your project please visit the Trees area or call 503-823-TREE (8733).
Get more information about how to apply on the Building and Zoning Permit Application page. And, read more about residential building permits. The City of Portland also issues building permits for the City of Maywood Park.
*Note that all development work must comply with zoning requirements, whether or not it requires a building permit.
Work that requires a zoning permit
- Build or install a garage or carport that is smaller than one which requires a residential building permit (see above) to confirm the location on the site complies with zoning code requirements
- Create a new or enlarged parking area or driveway, or pave a previously graveled parking area
- Make any improvement required to resolve a code compliance case, or as required by a condition of your land use review approval which does not require a building permit
- Plant trees to meet tree density prior to approval of a Replat, Lot Confirmation, Property Line Adjustment or Final Plat.
- Propose development that does not otherwise require a building permit within Overlay Zones—such as Environmental, Design and Historic Resource Protection—and sites within Plan Districts, unless an exemption applies. For example, historic review may be required to paint the exterior of a historic landmark, design review may be required to replace exterior siding, or environmental review may be required to build a patio or deck. Call Planning and Zoning Information to confirm the zoning rules for your site and project.
Get more information about zoning permits.
Work that requires a residential mechanical permit
- Install or change any part of a heating or cooling system which has duct work or must be vented into any kind of chimney or vent
- Install a wood stove or fireplace insert
- Install, alter or repair gas piping between the meter and an appliance (indoors and outdoors)
- Install a fuel oil tank
- Install exterior heat pump or air conditioning condenser units
Read more about residential mechanical permits.
Work that requires a residential electrical permit
You must be both the owner and occupant of the home in order to do electrical work yourself. If the home is intended for sale, lease, rent or exchange in the near future, work must be done by a licensed electrical contractor. A permit is required to:
- Install, change or repair any hard-wired electrical system
- Run any additional wiring, put in an additional electrical outlet or light fixture, or change your fuse box to circuit breakers
- Install or alter low voltage systems such as security alarms, central vacuum systems, or low voltage lighting
- Add or replace electrical wall/baseboard heaters
Read more about residential electrical permits.
Work that requires a residential plumbing permit
- Repair, replace, relocate or add to the piping system within your home
- Install new plumbing fixtures such as toilets, sinks, showers, tubs, dishwashers, etc.
- Replace a water heater
- Replace existing plumbing fixtures if the replacement involves concealed plumbing connections
- Install rain drains, cesspools, septic systems, drywells, sewer lines, water lines, backflow prevention assemblies for lawn sprinkler systems or cap a sewer
- Cap of fixtures that have been removed
Note: Adding a bathroom not only requires a plumbing and building permit, but may also require an electrical and/or mechanical permit.
Read more about residential plumbing permits.
Work that doesn't require a residential building permit
Some minor repairs and maintenance on one- or two-family homes don't require a building permit. The project must meet the Building and Zoning Code requirements even when a building permit is not required.
Additional Zoning regulations may apply to sites subject to land use reviews, sites within Overlay Zones—such as Environmental, Design and Historic Resource Protection—and sites within Plan Districts. For example, historic review may be required to paint the exterior of an historic landmark, design review may be required to replace exterior siding, or environmental review may be required to build a patio or deck. Minimum setbacks of five feet or greater may apply to sheds and other accessory structures. Call the Zoning Information Line phone number to confirm the zoning rules for your site and project.
Outside home repair projects that don't need permits
- Paint buildings
- Install insulation in existing homes
- Install storm windows
- Install window awnings, not more than 54 inches deep and not in a design zone, that are supported by an exterior wall and do not project beyond the property line
- Install gutters and downspouts (a plumbing permit may still be required for stormwater disposal)
- Replace or repair siding that is not required to be fire resistive
- Replace or repair roofing, including replacement of no more than 15% of the existing roof sheathing (a maximum of two layers of roofing is allowed), except if the structure is in a wildfire hazard zone or is a Townhouse.
- Replace doors or windows if the existing openings are not widened or reduced in size
- Install swings and other play structures
- Build a fence up to seven feet high in compliance with Zoning Code requirements for fences (refer to the Fences brochure, or if the fence encloses a swimming pool) Fences, Decks and Outdoor Residential Projects (Brochure 3)
- Pave a walkway
- Build stairs, patio, or deck that is not more than 30 inches above grade
- Build a shed or other non-habitable one-story detached accessory structure, provided that it is smaller than one which requires a residential building permit (see above). Note, if the parcel of land is over 2 acres and the structure is at least 20 feet from property lines and other structures, then a permit is not required when the building area is not over 400 square feet.
- Repave driveways where expansion is not proposed
- Build a patio or porch cover not over 200 square feet and supported by an exterior building wall
- Construct a non-habitable accessory structure composed of a rigid frame covered with a fabric membrane that does not exceed 500 square feet in area, is only 1 story in height, and is not closer than 3’ to a property line
Please note: If your property is in a flood hazard area, additional requirements apply. Check out the Site Development webpage for more information or call General Inquiries to discuss your project.
Inside work that doesn't need permits
- Replace interior wall, floor or ceiling covering (such as wallboard or sheet vinyl)
- Construct non-structural partitions where these do not enclose habitable space, such as for a closet.
- Install shelving and cabinets
- Remove and reinstall a toilet when installing new floor covering
- Replace accessible plumbing fixtures to make emergency plumbing repairs or to replace freeze-damaged or leaking concealed plumbing pipes that are no more than five feet in length
Schedule an inspection
- Call the 24-hour Requests for Inspection phone number
- Enter your IVR or permit number
- Enter the three-digit inspection code for the type of inspection you are requesting
- Enter a phone number where you can be reached during weekdays. Explain if you want the inspection in the morning or afternoon. Leave a voicemail with plan location or lockbox code.
- There must be an adult over age 18 to let the inspector inside
Read more about residential permit inspections.
Projects that need Development Services permits
Learn more about different types of projects that require permits:
- Commercial permits for commercial construction sites (including multi-family dwellings)
- Other permits include banner permits, changing occupancy permits, sign permits and more
- Outside work permits include concrete patio permits, decommission permits, driveway permits, sewer connection permits and more
- Trade permits for adding a bathroom, replacing plumbing fixtures or adding water lines
Still not sure if you need a permit? Schedule a 15-minute appointment
If you have questions after reviewing the information on this page, we recommend you book a free 15-minute appointment with us.
This is an optional step. We're here for you if you have questions about the information and materials you need to apply.
This web page is also available as a PDF: